New York City Council passed an ordinance targeting Chinese laundry establishments; Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance is formed


In 1933, the New York City Council, at the behest of white laundry operators, passed an ordinance that required one-person laundries to pay a $25 annual fee and to post a $1000 bond. This ordinance was clearly aimed at the 3,500 Chinese laundry establishments in New York.

The CCBA required the laundry owners to pay the fee before they would investigate the law. The laundry owners formed the Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance (CHLA) and convinced the city’s aldermen to reduce the fee. CCBA labeled CHLA a communist organization. However, the two joined forces during WWII to form the All Chinatown Anti-Japanese Patriotic Organization.