In the summer of 1971, a sea of folding chairs lined Mott and Pell streets, which for ten days were closed to traffic so that seniors and families could be seated while waiting for free health screenings administered by over a hundred medical volunteers and students during New York Chinatown’s first health fair. The first two photographs capture community members attending this very first fair, organized by Asian American student and community activists inspired by a broader movement among civil rights activists to bring health care to their underserved communities. Eight booths were set up using city-owned mobile units, and youth volunteers served as translators, facilitating care previously inaccessible for Chinese-speaking seniors and recent immigrants due to language and cost barriers. Respecting longstanding cultural practice, one booth was reserved for Chinese herbal medicine, which some Chinatown residents utilized to treat their ailments in lieu of visiting a doctor. The great need demonstrated by the community response and the extent to which test results revealed that conditions went untreated led organizers to institute the health fair as an annually recurring event, captured in subsequent photographs here. In the same year, they also established a more permanent solution, the Chinatown Health Clinic (now the Charles B. Wang Community Health Center), initially run entirely by volunteer doctors, nurses, social workers, and students out of a church on Mott Street. For supplies and other expenses, the clinic solicited funding support directly from the community and fundraising drives over local Chinese-language radio were at times broadcast in garment factories, laundries, and restaurants. Donations were often small—“$5 from one seamstress, $5 from another one”—but they added up and enabled the clinic to stay open and continue serving the health needs of increasing members of the Chinatown community.